Is 120 IQ gifted?

Is 120 IQ Gifted?

In the realm of intelligence, the term “gifted” is often used to describe individuals who possess exceptional cognitive abilities. However, determining what qualifies as gifted can be a complex and subjective matter. One commonly used metric to assess intelligence is the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) test. But does a score of 120 on the IQ test make someone gifted? Let’s delve into this question and explore the nuances surrounding IQ and giftedness.

Understanding IQ and Giftedness

IQ is a measure of a person’s cognitive abilities compared to the general population. It is calculated by dividing an individual’s mental age by their chronological age and multiplying the result by 100. An average IQ score is considered to be around 100, with scores above or below indicating above or below average intelligence, respectively.

Giftedness, on the other hand, is a term used to describe individuals who demonstrate exceptional abilities in specific areas or across multiple domains. While IQ tests can provide a rough estimate of a person’s intellectual capabilities, they do not capture the full range of giftedness, which encompasses various aspects such as creativity, leadership, and artistic talent.

Is 120 IQ Considered Gifted?

A score of 120 on an IQ test is certainly above average, as it falls within the top 10-15% of the population. However, it does not typically meet the criteria for being classified as gifted. Giftedness is often associated with IQ scores of 130 or above, which represent the top 2-3% of the population.

It is important to note that IQ scores alone do not define a person’s worth or potential. Many factors contribute to an individual’s abilities and achievements, including motivation, perseverance, and environmental factors. Therefore, even if someone does not meet the criteria for giftedness based on their IQ score, they may still possess exceptional talents and skills in other areas.


Q: Can IQ scores change over time?
A: IQ scores tend to remain relatively stable throughout a person’s life. However, certain factors such as education, life experiences, and brain development can influence IQ scores to some extent.

Q: Are there other ways to identify gifted individuals?
A: Yes, IQ tests are just one tool used to identify giftedness. Other methods include talent assessments, teacher recommendations, and observations of exceptional performance in specific areas.

Q: Is being gifted a guarantee of success?
A: While gifted individuals may have certain advantages, success is not solely determined by intelligence. Factors such as motivation, effort, and opportunities also play crucial roles in achieving success.

In conclusion, while a score of 120 on an IQ test is above average, it does not typically meet the criteria for being classified as gifted. Giftedness encompasses a broader range of abilities and talents that extend beyond IQ scores. It is important to recognize and nurture exceptional abilities in individuals, regardless of their IQ scores, as they contribute to the diversity and richness of human potential.